Hearing problems - How to combat hearing loss and tinnitus

Hearing problems can be combated? Hearing is one of the basic, most important human senses. It often deteriorates with age, sometimes to the point that a senior citizen ceases to hear at all, or one can experience deafness as a result of injury or illness. However, hearing loss does not have to be an inevitable consequence of aging, and prompt intervention can avoid these worst consequences.

What causes hearing loss?

Some people are already born with hearing loss or are at higher risk of senile deafness due to genetic reasons. In such cases, it is very important to prevent hearing loss and to seek help quickly as soon as the first symptoms of hearing loss are noticed. In children and the very young, hearing loss is usually related to being in noisy environments - this includes not only living in a big city, but also, among other things, going to school where it is very noisy, using loud toys or games, listening to music on headphones, going to concerts or crowded, noisy places. Hearing loss can also be a consequence of a history of infection, such as otitis media.

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An important factor affecting hearing quality is work. Regulations say that if machines cannot be silenced to an acceptable level, workers must be provided with hearing protectors, but this is not always guarded or despite safeguards you are still exposed to harmful noise. Hearing loss depends on the intensity and duration of the noise, although even short-term exposure to loud noises can lead to irreversible damage.

Impulse noise, such as the sound of a low-flying aircraft, gunfire, fireworks, bang flares, the running of a loud machine, and alarm sirens, for example, is also very dangerous to hearing. An often underestimated factor affecting hearing is various types of diseases, not only those passed during childhood, but also in adulthood. These diseases are mainly bacterial and viral infections, but also, for example, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, atherosclerosis - with these types of diseases there are disorders in the circulatory system and hypoxia of the cells of the hearing organ, which impairs its proper functioning.

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Is hearing loss only in old age?

HS hearing problems.

According to WHO data, most seniors over the age of 65 experience hearing loss. The loss can vary in severity, but it is rare for a person of advanced age to hear as well as they did when they were younger, while senile deafness can affect up to 10 percent of the population of people over 65. Even a slight hearing loss can mean a poorer quality of life, and the greater the hearing loss, the more severe the consequences. Even at the first symptoms of hearing problems, it is worth reaching out for Ottomax+ supplement.

Nowadays, hearing problems are observed in younger and younger people, and even in children. Maintaining hearing in perfect condition is all the more difficult because it is very difficult these days to avoid noise, which is the strongest contributor to deafness - most people live in noisy cities, commonly use the telephone and headphones, watch TV or listen to the radio. The first symptoms of hearing deterioration can be observed as early as age 30, but the ailment is still most troublesome precisely for seniors.

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How is it that we hear?

The human ear consists of an outer, middle and inner part. Through the ear, sound waves reach the brain and there are properly interpreted, so important for good hearing is not only the condition of the ear itself, but also the efficient conduction of neurons. Sound waves picked up by the outer ear flow through the ear canal to the eardrum and vibrate it. These vibrations activate the middle ear ossicles, namely the malleus, anvil and stirrup. Once the sound is amplified, it travels to the cochlea in the inner ear.

The cochlea is filled with fluid, in which the cilia of the auditory cells move - it is their role to convert waves into impulses that reach the brain. The organ of hearing is so developed that without difficulty a person is able to perceive both quiet and loud sounds of different frequencies, and on top of that he can still hear spatially and selectively.

Where does sudden deafness come from?

Hearing problems such as sudden deafness, as the name suggests, develops very quickly, within a few hours. Sometimes it is experienced just after waking up, when suddenly one cannot hear in one or both ears. Where does this impairment come from? Again, various causes can be singled out, but most often it is the result of trauma or a history of illness and taking certain medications. Sometimes the deafness passes if the cause of the ailment can be eliminated, but in many cases hearing can no longer be recovered or it returns only minimally.

Types and degrees of hearing loss

There are several types of hearing loss. The conductive one is associated with reduced sensitivity to sounds, which in practice means that the sick person does not hear all the words spoken by people accurately, and after some time he himself also begins to speak so inaccurately. In sensorineural hearing loss, there is a markedly lowered hearing threshold and a lack of speech comprehension. The senior also does not pick up high-pitched sounds in the environment well, the hearing problem as well as the incontinence are the most common diseases of the elderly. Then there is mixed hearing loss, which is diagnosed most often - the symptoms of conductive and sensorineural hearing loss are combined here.

Hearing problems research

The degree of hearing loss is determined in decibels, and is measured during a medical examination using a clinical audiometer. The test determines the threshold below which the patient can no longer hear. In a normal state, the human ear perceives sounds between 0 and 120 dB. With slight hearing loss, the limit rises to 20-40 dB. With moderate it is already 41-65 dB, and with severe it is as high as 65-90 dB. The most serious condition is profound hearing loss, in which the threshold level is higher than 91 dB - such a person hears very little and it is impossible to hold a conversation with him without using a hearing aid.

What is tinnitus?

Another hearing problem is tinnitus. It does not always go hand in hand with hearing loss, but as much as possible the two ailments can go together. Tinnitus is sounds that the patient hears, but only in his own head, as they do not come from any external source. In addition to humming, it can also be buzzing, whistling, knocking, rumbling, and if the tinnitus persists for a long time, it is usually accompanied by headache and irritability.

Tinnitus is extremely bothersome and, in almost every case, causes mental disorders - it is very difficult to eliminate it and many times it intensifies when trying to rest, making it very difficult to fall asleep and relax. Tinnitus can be treated with supplements that replenish vitamin deficiencies, and various types of relaxation techniques are also helpful. Since tinnitus is sometimes associated with various diseases, mainly of the cardiovascular system, it is worthwhile to take care of proper blood pressure, and the recommended Corsanum.

Can hearing loss be prevented?

Hearing problems how to take care of your hearing

Hearing should be taken care of from childhood, so that the risk of hearing loss will be significantly lower. By far the best results are just prevention, because not every hearing loss can be reversed and you can only use methods to compensate for the loss. The basic thing is to avoid noise as much as possible - it is worth limiting the use of headphones, not going too often to noisy places like clubs or discos, always use ear protection at work, do not unnecessarily turn up the volume on TV or playing equipment. As we age, hearing becomes more susceptible to damage, so all the more reason to avoid factors that increase the risk of deafness.

Care should also always be taken to cure hearing problems such as any ear and respiratory infections, because it is not uncommon for untreated inflammation to damage the hearing organ, and irreversibly. Hearing should also be carefully examined even after a minor head or ear injury. After the age of 40, it is recommended that hearing be checked at least every two years, and more often if there are problems.

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Are hearing problems treatable?

Unfortunately, very often hearing problems such as hearing loss are irreversible, but this depends on the cause of the hearing problems experienced. Specialists make it a point to seek help as soon as possible, when the symptoms are not yet so troublesome, because the deeper the hearing loss, the more difficult it will be to treat it successfully. For many people with poor hearing, the only option now is a hearing aid.

How is hearing loss treated?

The aforementioned hearing aid is a device that amplifies sounds so that you can hear almost normally. The power of the device is selected individually according to the degree of loss - it is better not to do it on your own, as you can overdo the volume of the device and further impair your hearing. The device is small, so that you can hardly see it at all, and is worn behind the ear or attached to the temples of glasses.

For hearing problems, there are also surgical methods, designed for people who have experienced hearing loss through defects and damage in the anatomy of the ear. There are also sometimes hearing implants, but this is a very expensive operation and not everyone qualifies for it - treatments include regeneration of the ossicles, reconstruction of the eardrum or widening of the ear canal, among others. Medications to improve hearing are used quite infrequently, and this is mainly true for this poor hearing loss, or supplements with vitamins and minerals can be used, which inhibit the aging process of the body.

How to test if I have hearing loss?

Hearing loss is examined microscopically, which allows an accurate assessment of the condition of the organ, the extent of the lesions and the condition of the eardrum. Sometimes a great improvement in hearing is provided by professional cleaning of the ears from wax, which clogs the ear canal - this should not be done on your own, as it may inadvertently damage the eardrum or cause an ear infection.

Hearing tests

If hearing problems arise, a basic test such as tonal audiometry should be performed, for example, and it is recommended as a preventive measure for every senior, even if he or she is not yet experiencing symptoms of hearing loss. The advantage of these tests is that they give objective results about the quality of hearing - it's not just the patient's impression of how well or poorly he or she can hear, but a threshold level in decibels is determined according to a scale. In more advanced cases, a specialized computer test may additionally be ordered. After receiving the results, the doctor proposes the optimal method of treatment tailored to the patient's expectations and needs.

Other health factors should also be considered in the hearing evaluation, as the risk of hearing loss is higher in patients with atherosclerosis, diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease. The risk is also increased when taking ototoxic drugs, which negatively affect the cochlea.

What does hearing treatment provide?

Fighting hearing loss provides a number of benefits for the patient. It allows him or her to return to normal interactions with other people, takes the stress off in everyday situations when the senior is afraid of missing something again, slows further hearing loss, prevents dementia and loss of speech. The development of medicine is now such that it is easy to match the right treatment method for you, which will be comfortable and free of unwanted side effects, as well as affordable.

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