First signs of pregnancy - How the ovulation process works - Natural family planning methods - In vitro fertilization

The first symptoms of pregnancy can be observed only some time after conception. There is no single typical pattern, as each woman can go through pregnancy quite differently. However, it is possible to distinguish certain first symptoms of pregnancy that may signal that conception has occurred.

What are the first symptoms of pregnancy?

What are the methods of getting pregnant

The first symptom of pregnancy is usually the absence of menstruation. However, this does not necessarily mean pregnancy, especially if the delay in bleeding is only a few days at a time - such delays are quite common and may be related to stress or lack of sleep, for example, rather than pregnancy.

It can also happen that despite conception, a woman continues to have monthly bleeding for the first three to four months of pregnancy.

Early signs of pregnancy include:

  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • frequent heartburn

However, these discomforts appear only after a few weeks, not immediately, so if a woman complains of them immediately after conception, they are referred to as so-called subjective symptoms of pregnancy.

In addition, not all women in the first months of pregnancy always complain of stomach discomfort, so it is not necessarily a symptom of pregnancy.

Other symptoms indicating pregnancy

During the first months, women may also be particularly sensitive to odors. Common pregnancy symptoms also include excessive sleepiness and a tendency to tire quickly. Women in the first weeks of pregnancy are also prone to frequent changes in mood, becoming more irritable and more easily emotional.

What the onset of pregnancy manifests itself as

The first trimester of pregnancy may also be associated with swelling and soreness breasts. The onset of pregnancy also manifests itself in skin discoloration, primarily on the nipples of the breasts, on the labia and on the line running from the navel to the pubic conjunctiva.

Among the more certain symptoms of pregnancy is an elevated body temperature, of course, if it is not associated with a cold or other inflammation. Higher body temperature is associated with an increase in progesterone levels. Whatever the first symptoms of pregnancy may be, until a doctor confirms it with a test, one cannot be 100 percent sure that a woman has become pregnant.

How the ovulation process works

What is ovulation every woman should know. Ovulation is called ovulation, which means the release of a mature egg cell. The cell develops in the ovary in the Graaf follicle and leaves this place when it is ready to meet the sperm.

What is ovulation explains in more detail the entire hormonal process. The release of an egg cell occurs as a result of a signal sent by the pituitary gland. This signal is carried by two tropic hormones, namely FSH and LH. FSH bears the responsibility for the proper development of the egg, and the LH hormone initiates the release of the egg from the ovary. Helpful in the ovulation process will be NovuVita Femina tablets Created specifically for women who want to get pregnant.

Another hormone, estrogen, is responsible for the proper levels of FSH and LH hormones. Ovulation is a very short process. From the moment the cell, ready for fertilization, is released until it dies, it takes no more than 24 hours. Thus, a woman is actually able to get pregnant for only three to four days per month. These extra days are not counted as part of the ovulation process, but are treated as fertile days, since sperm that have entered the woman's genital tract a few days before ovulation are able to survive for several tens of hours and wait until the mature egg appears in the fallopian tube.

Read also: NovuVita Vir for men.

How to calculate fertile days in a woman?

How to calculate fertile days

So by knowing what ovulation is, we can more accurately predict when it will occur. From ovulation to the next menstrual period takes about two weeks, plus or minus two days. This is known as the luteal phase and its length does not depend on the length of the menstrual cycle. It is different in the period between menstruation and ovulation. Here, the length of this phase depends on a woman's individual predisposition and can change due to additional factors, for example, illness, hormonal disorders or an unhealthy lifestyle.

Ovulation is most difficult to predict in women who menstruate very irregularly. In the case of regular cycles, one can either use marital calendar calculations or observe the physiological reactions characteristic of each phase of the cycle. If you don't quite know what ovulation is or how it can be predicted, your best bet is to make an appointment with a gynecologist.

Natural family planning methods

Natural family planning methods are based almost entirely on observation of the physiological symptoms accompanying the various phases of a woman's menstrual cycle. Natural family planning methods are used when a woman wants to get pregnant or when she wants to prevent pregnancy.

Natural methods of pregnancy planning

Natural family planning methods are usually recommended to all couples who, despite regular intercourse, cannot wait to have children of their own. They precede either pharmacological methods or in vitro fertilization, and it happens that, thanks to the use of these methods, the couple has finally lived to see their desired child, without the need for more invasive fertility treatments.

Natural family planning is completely safe for both parents-to-be and does not require any additional costs. The only downside of the natural method is that you need to devote some of your own time to it and consistently follow the doctor's recommendations. The primary goal of the natural family planning method is to be able to determine when a woman will ovulate.

When it comes to natural family planning, one cannot limit oneself to mathematical calculations of fertile days, since every woman, even a healthy and regularly menstruating one, may experience cycle disorders. Calculations play only an auxiliary role, while the most important is careful observation of the reactions of one's own body.

Read also: Stimido for female libido.

Natural family planning methods include:

  • observation of cervical mucus
  • examination of the consistency and position of the cervix
  • measuring body temperature

After a few cycles, a woman is already able to recognize when her fertile days occur and it is for this period that she can plan cohabitation with the partner with whom she wants to have a child. Natural family planning also allows for faster detection of genital diseases, since a woman who knows her own physiology well sooner discovers that there is something troubling going on with her body.

The downside of natural family planning methods is that the course of the cycle can be affected by various external factors, for example, a change in climate, infection, stress or severe exhaustion. Natural methods of family planning are often confused with the marital calendar, while these are two different methods, although they are based on similar assumptions.

In family planning, it's important to keep the satisfaction of sex calm. Read: how to strengthen erections in men.

In vitro fertilization what is it?

In vitro fertilization is otherwise known as in vitro fertilization. In other words, the fusion of a woman's egg cell and sperm occurs under laboratory conditions.

In vitro fertilization began to be performed in the late 20th century and is now one of the most popular fertility treatments. However, in vitro fertilization is a very complicated medical process that takes many months and is not always successful. Sometimes the procedure is repeated several times, and in some cases it is not possible at all.

What does in vitro fertilization look like?

In vitro fertilization

In order for in vitro fertilization to occur, a woman's ova are retrieved at the clinic. To increase the chances of fertilization, the pituitary gland is stimulated hormonally beforehand, so that several to a dozen ova appear in a single cycle - in a natural cycle only one egg matures.

Suitably 'grown' egg cells are retrieved using a special surgical needle. The woman's partner donates his semen at this time, which will later be used for fertilization. The egg cells taken from the woman's body are transferred immediately to a plate with culture medium selected for proper structure and size. Male semen is also subjected to appropriate "processing". Those spermatozoa are selected that are distinguished by correct morphology and sufficiently high motility, and if the number of such spermatozoa is too low, the semen donation can be repeated, but only after a few days. Better sperm quality can be provided by the recommended erection pills.

Then the gametes are fused and incubated for the next 24 hours. If the embryos develop, transfer can be performed, which is the placement of embryos in the uterine cavity. The transfer is performed with a thin catheter and then all that remains is to wait to see if the embryo has implanted in the uterus and the pregnancy has begun to develop properly. Usually two or three embryos are placed in one attempt, in order to increase the chance of successful fertilization.

This does not automatically mean that such a pregnancy will be multiple, because in many cases only one embryo manages to survive. In vitro fertilization is mainly performed when a woman has diseased fallopian tubes or is not ovulating, or her partner's sperm is of poor quality.

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